Н. О. Надточей Домашняя работа по английскому языку




НазваниеН. О. Надточей Домашняя работа по английскому языку
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4. Члены твоей семьи меняют свои привычки? Как?

Yes, my family try to keep fit and to look modern. That's why we care about our health. We have changed our eating habits. Now we eat more fruit and vege­tables, more fish than meat. We try not to eat much sugar and sweets. Members of my family don't smoke. My mother is fond of aerobics and I visit a swimming pool two times a week. We often go to the country to spend time in fresh air.

III. Проблемы здоровья

2. Ваши привычки влияют на вашу внешность. 1) Почему эти подростки выглядит бледными и усталыми?

They may smoke too much. They might exercise too little. They might not get enough vitamins They may sleep to little. They may skip breakfast They might constantly snack. They might diet too much. They might have anaemia.

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3) У вас есть такие же проблемы? На базе ваших обзоров привычек здоровья ваших однокласников, напишите статью о вашем классе.

Many of my classmates always look pale and feel tired even in the morning. I think they have health problems because they don't care about their health. First of all they smoke a lot. They don't get enough vitamins and minerals because they don't eat fruit and vegetables. They don't have enough iron and have anae­mia. they often skip their meal and constantly snack. besides, they sleep too little, because they watch TV till late in the evening.

3. Некоторые подростки слишком озабочены своим весом и
соблюдают диету контроля калорий. Что такое диета контроля
калорий?

1) Замените подчеркнутые слова антонимами для получения правильного ответа.

Many people in GB now think a more about their health. They eat a lot low fat food and more fibre. Fat is thought to be the cause of disease. Besides, people believe that they should exercise more not to be fat. Some people have started counting the calories they eat every day. (A calorie is the energy value of food.) So that they can try to take in less calories and lose weight. This is called a calorie-controlled diet. Special food with less calories for slimmers is produced now in GB.

4. Некоторые вредные привычки действительно смертель-
ны.

1) Составьте список аргументов против вредных привычек. Обра-щайтесь к таблице.

Smoking:

Makes teeth yellow Makes skin unhealthy Makes hair smell Makes clothes smell Causes a cough Causes a headache Causes pneumonia Causes cancer Drinking alcohol: Makes speech unclear Makes brain centres sleep Causes heart disease Causes brain disease Causes slow reaction Causes loss of memory Taking drugs: Causes blood disease Causes brain disease

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Causes slow reaction Causes loss of memory

2) Какие аргументы против плохих привычек кажутся вам наиболее
убедительными? Разместите их по степени важности. Какие аргументы
вы используете, чтобы убедить ваших друзей или родителей не курить
или не пить алкоголь?


causes:

cancer

brain disease

blood disease

heart disease

loss of memory

slow reaction

pneumonia

a headache

a cough

makes:

speech unclear

brain centres sleep

skin unhealthy

All the arguments can be used to convince my friends or parents not to smoke or drink alcohol : Smoking and drinking causes many diseases, such as cancer, blood diseases, heart disease, brain disease, pneumonia, a headache, a cough. It affects badly the whole family and the people around you. It affects your knowledge, because smoking and alcohol makes brain centres sleep, causes loss of memory and slow reaction. bad habits influence your appearance : it makes your skin unhealthy, teeth yellow and your clothes and hair smell.

3) Во многих странах люди убеждены, сто вредные привычки это проблема
не только одного человека.

а) Как вы думаете, должны ли быть приняты какие-то меры против них? Почему?

Of course some measures should be taken against bad habits, because they influence the people around the person with bad habits. Sometimes bad habits influence the whole family very seriously. And of course they influence people's health very badly.

Some measures have been already taken against bad habits. So advertising of cigarettes and alcohol are forbidden in TV and radio. Smoking is banned in buses and underground and in planes. I think some more measures should be taken against bad habits. The person should be put in prison for drunk-driving accident, and for taking drugs, for example, or to be sacked from school for drinking alcohol. It's possible to take money for smoking in public places.

c) Сравните с вашей страной.

In our country some measures are taken against bad habits. It's banned to smoke in buses and underground. There are some flights, where smoking on board the plane is forbidden. The advertising of cigarettes and of alcohol is

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banned in TV and radio. I know that smoking is banned in cinemas and in some offices. An official warning is printed on all cigarette packets.

4) Если бы ты был президентом или мэром города, чтобы ты сделал, чтобы дети не курили, не употребляли алкоголь и наркотики.

If I were a president of the country I would forbidden smoking in all public places. I would permit to take alcohol for persons who is more than 21 years old. I would permit to sell alcohol and cigarettes only in special places, but not in every place. If I were a mayor, I would make all schools in the city have special educational programmes, which would explain bad influence of alcohol, drugs and smoking on health and on life as a whole.

5. С древних времен было известно, что существует связь ме­жду загрязнением окружающей среды и плохим здоровьем.

1) Дай примеры влияния загрязнения на здоровье людей.

I think pollution has a direct influence on people's life. Clean air and clean water make people's life more healthy. If people clean their places from litter, it will give no chance for different diseases to develop. As the result it makes peo­ple's life longer.

Dirty air of big cities make a lot of health problems. It can causes different diseases.

2) Была ли жизнь лучше сто лет назад? Что вы думаете? Рассмотрите
следующие аспекты: загрязнение, мусор, вода, города, болезни,
продолжительность жизни.

I think life was not better a hundred years ago. There was a big problem of litter. The cities were not clean from litter. It caused many diseases. The people died from many of them. It makes people's life shorter that now. Water was not cleaned as people didn't know how to do it. It also make health problems. So I don't think life was better a hundred years ago.

IV. Как хорошо выглядеть

1. Обычно люди уделяют большое внимание своему внешнему виду.

1) Послушай диалог Мэри, Дика, Кейт, Ника и Теда. Как они выглядят?

Mary looks slim.

Dick's hair doesn't smell.

Kate looks great.

Nick looks better and healthy.

Ted have lost weight.

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2) Каковы причины того, что эти подростки хорошо выглядят? Подбери слова к их именам.

Mary looks so slim, because she has been eating only low-fat food for 5 months.

Dick's hair doesn't smoke because he hasn't been smoking since last year.

Kate looks great because she has been doing aerobics for 3 months.

Nick looks better now, because he has been taken Coldrex for 2 days.

Ted has lost weight, because he has not been eating high-fat meat since August.

2. Много продуктов для красоты и здоровья помогают нам
хорошо выглядеть.

1) Эти люди хорошо выглядят, какие продукты помогают им хорошо
выглядеть?

I think they have been using Vidal Sassoon mousse for hair styling.

I think they have been using Colgate toothpaste for cleaning teeth

I think they have been using Clearasil Night Gel for cleaning skin.

I think they have been using Wella hairspray for fixing their hair.

I think they have been using Nivea cream for their skin.

I think they have been using Coconut oil shampoo for washing their hair.

2) Что говорят люди об этих продуктах? Подбери продукт и его
влияние.

  • I have been applying Vidal Sassoon mousse to my hair for 2 months. It keeps my hair in place all night.

  • I discovered Nivea cream 6 months ago. Since then I have been using only it. My skin looks wonderful. It's very smooth.

  • I have been brushing my teeth with Colgate toothpaste since I was a child. My teeth are white and strong.

  • I have been using Clearasil Night Gel since 1993. my skin looks wonderful. It's very smooth.

  • I have been using Wella hairspray for a long time. I found out that it holds my hair without being sticky.

  • I have been washing my hair with Coconut oil shampoo for a month. It makes my hair grow faster.

3. Пройдитесь по классу и сделайте друг другу компли­
менты.

  • Your hair looks soft and shiny.

  • Thank you. I have been using coconut oil shampoo for a long time.

  • Your teeth looks white.

  • Thank you. I have been using Colgate toothpaste for 6 months.

  • Your skin looks wonderful.

  • Thank you. I have been using Clearasil Night Gel since August.

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ПОПУЛЯРНЫЕ ТОВАРЫ ЗДЕСЬ И ТАМ

4. Анита Роддик, хозяйка одной из наиболее известных компа­
ний в Англии, согласилась дать интервью. Вот
наброски этого ин­
тервью.

1) Просмотрите наброски за 10 секунд.

This company is famous Body Shop, which sells perfumes, soaps, shampoo and skin-care products for men and women. It has many shops in UK and in other countries. They use only natural ingredients. They don't test their products on animals. all the shops have yellow and green logo. they care about environment by reusing bottles.

5. Предметы, изображенные на стр. 110 очень известны в
Англии. Как давно англичане используют их?


The British have been drinking instant coffee since the Second World war.

The British have been using Mrs. Beeton's Cookery book since 1861.

The British have been using Cadbury's chocolate since 1824.

The British have been drinking Lipton tea for more that 100 years.

The British have been buying beans on toast since 1895.

The British have been visiting the Berni restaurant chain since 1950

The British have been visiting coffee houses since 1650.

6. В ВАШЕЙ КУЛЬТУРЕ

1) Эти русские продукты популярны? Давно их используют?

Russian people have been using Krasny Oktyabr chocolate since 1868 Russian people have been using Cookery Book by Elena Molokhovets since XIX century.

Russian people have been using Novaya Zarya Perfumes since 1864. Russian people have been using Rot Front chocolate since 1826.

2) Какие другие русские продукты известны в других странах?

Russian caviar is very famous in the world. Russian folk toys are well known in other countries. Russian furs are very famous also.

7. Какие из продуктов, указанных на стр. 110-111 , ты ис­
пользуешь? Как они на тебя влияют?


I have been drinking instant coffee and Lipton tea for many years. They give me energy.

I have been eating Krasny Oktyabr chocolate since my childhood. It is good for my brain.

I have been eating Cadbery chocolate for some years. It's very good for teen­agers.

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8. Какие из упомянутых продуктов ты бы послал своему за-рубежному другу? Почему?

I would send Krasny Octyabr and Rot Front chocolate to my foreign friend. Both trade marks are very well known in our country. These products are of very good quality. Both factories are very old. The Russian people have been using these products since the last century.

V. Ты заботится о своем здоровье?

1. Трое подростков Хелен, Боб и Кейт разговаривают о своем отношении к здоровью.

1) Послушай их истории и подбери картинки к ним.

  1. Bob

  2. Helen

  3. Kate

2) Хелен, Боб и Кейт заботятся о своем здоровье? Послушай их истории
и выясни.

Helen cares about her health . She tries to eat only low-fat food, more fruit and vegetables. She doesn't smoke. She has been doing aerobics for a year.

Bob doesn't care about his health. He likes smoking. He likes sweets. He is overweight and has problems with skin and hair.

I Kate says that it's good to think about her health and not very good to think too much about you appearance. But she doesn't pay much attention to her friends' health habits.

3) Послушайте истории и ответьте на вопросы.

  1. Helen looks great because she pays a lot of attention to her health.

  2. She is not going to be a supermodel. but she thinks it is very important to be fit and healthy and look nice.

  3. Bob is a bit overweight. He has some problems with his skin and hair.

  4. He is a smoker and he likes chocolate bars. ice cream and the like.

  5. He likes smoking because it helps him to relax. He thinks that dieting is very dangerous.

  6. He is afraid of dieting.

g) She likes to have different people with different likes and dislikes as her
friends.

2. Какие из этих подростков могут иметь проблемы со здо­ровьем в будущем? Почему?

Helen might have no problems with her health because she pays much attention to her health now.

Bob could have bad teeth and cough because he likes smoking.

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Kate may have no problems because she thinks that it's good to think about her health.

Dennis might have no problems because he is very sporty.

Willie could have obesity and hart disease because he likes sweets and he is fat.

3. Представьте диалог между Хелен и Бобом.

1) Чья точка зрения для тебя ближе? Составь диалог, используя факты
из рассказов для подтверждения твоей точки зрения.

  • Why do you smoke? It's so dangerous. It causes different diseases. You have problems with your skin and hair.

  • Yes, that's right, but all my friends are smokers and I don't want to be the odd one out.

  • But you should think about your future. some firms don't employ people who are overweight or who are smokers.

  • But I think dieting is dangerous. Besides, I like chocolate bars, ice cream and the like.

  • It is not dangerous when you have a balanced diet. try to eat only low-fat food, more fruit and vegetables which are rich in vitamins and less sweets.

  • It's impossible to change.

2) Чье мнение, Хелен, Боба или Кейт ты разделяешь?

I share Helen's opinion.

3) Какое твое отношение к здоровью?

I think everybody should care about their health. It' very important to be fit and look nice. I don't smoke, because I want to have healthy skin and teeth. I try to eat more high fibre food , such as fruit and vegetables, because it is rich in vi­tamins and minerals and less sweets. I try to avoid gaining weight, that's why I eat only low-fat food. I always find time to do exercises.

4. Один стоматолог отказался лечить двух детей, которые ели
слишком много сладкого. Он считает, что люди отвечают за свое
здоровье.


Каким может быть его отношение к Хелен, Бобу, Кейт, Деннису, Вилли и тебе?

He is sure to treat Helen because she cares about her health. He is unlikely to treat Bob because he smokes . He likely to treat Kate because she thinks about her health. He is likely to treat Dennis because he is very sporty. He is unlikely to treat Willie because he likes sweets. He is sure to treat me because I have no bad health habits. He is likely to treat my friend because he eats healthy food.

VI. Ты понимаешь инструкции?

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